Abortion: Pro-Life vs. Pro-Choice

Discussion of the issues involved in abortion laws, with a position in support of the pro-choice position.

This paper looks at the history of the abortion debate and addresses the moral and philosophical issues involved. The paper then discusses the fact that in the last decade, there has been an increase in the teenage birth-rate and many laws restrict young women from having abortions without parental notification or consent. The paper goes on to argue that despite these laws, young women are still having sex; the laws only succeed in increasing trauma and the teenage birth-rate, and forcing delays that cause young women to have riskier and costlier second-trimester abortions. The paper argues that in this context, we see that the pro-choice position is the most realistic position.
“Abortion laws go back to the early 19th century. In the United States, for instance, these laws disallowed abortion after the fourth month of pregnancy. Most abortions became illegal by the beginning of the 20th century. This reality was due not only to moral views at the time, but also because of unsafe medical procedures, which endangered the health and life of women seeking an abortion.
“Even by 1965, abortion was banned everywhere in the United States. There were some exceptions allowed, which involved saving the life of the mother, and in cases where there was rape or incest. Finally, the turning point came in 1973, when the Supreme Court, in the case of Roe v. Wade, declared most existing state abortion laws unconstitutional. This decision ruled out any legislative interference in the first trimester of pregnancy and put limits on what restrictions could be passed on abortions in later stages of pregnancy. (Roe vs. Wade)”

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