This study investigates the Crimean War, its causes, course and outcome.
This study will investigate the Crimean War, its causes, course, and outcome. The Crimean War, 1853-1856, involved Eurasia and the allied powers of Turkey, England, France, and Sardinia. The general causes of the war were labeled the Eastern Question, which was actually the problem for Europe presented by the decline and disintegration of the Ottoman Empire after about 1700. Western powers, particularly England and Prussia, reacted with alarm at Russia’s expansion into Europe.
The Austro-Russian plan to partition Turkey (with Constantinople and the Dardanelles going to Russia) was defeated, but resultant Turkish disintegration went on in the 19th Century with the rise of independent Balkan states. In any case, Russian setbacks in the Crimean War and 20 years later at the Congress of Berlin did not completely stop Russian influence in the Balkans.