Civil Rights Movement

Examines communications successes of 1950s-60s: legal appeals for justice, bus boycott, nonviolent demonstrations, sit-ins, freedom rides, marches, propaganda and use of symbols.

The evolution of civil rights as a political concept and as a legislative agenda was highly unlikely in the first part of the century. Litwack argues that white southern fears of uppity, troublesome, ambitious and independent-minded black men and women who had not yet learned the rituals of deference and submission were embedded into the culture of the post-Reconstruction, Jim Crow South. Civil rights as a concept was belied by what from the contemporary standpoint seem to be shocking statistics. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth…

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